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Oracle® Database Installation Guide
10g Release 2 (10.2) for Linux x86

Part Number B15660-01
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1 Installation Overview

1.1 Overview of Oracle Database Installation
1.2 Oracle Database Installation Methods
1.2.1 Interactive Installation Methods
1.2.2 Automated Installation Methods Using Response Files
1.3 Oracle Database Installation Types
1.4 Database Configuration Options
1.4.1 Preconfigured Database Types
1.4.2 Installation Choices that Affect Database Creation
1.4.3 Creating a Database After Installation
1.5 Available Installation Options
1.5.1 Database Storage Options File System Automatic Storage Management Raw Devices
1.5.2 Database Management Options Management Options for Preconfigured Databases Management Options for Custom Databases Features Provided by Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
1.5.3 Database Backup and Recovery Options Enabling Automated Backups Backup Job Default Settings More Information About Automated Backups and Recovery
1.5.4 E-mail Notification Options
1.6 Installation Considerations
1.6.1 Hardware and Software Certification
1.6.2 Multiple Oracle Homes Installing the Software on a System with an Existing Oracle Installation
1.6.3 Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
1.6.4 Using Network Attached Storage or NFS File Systems
1.7 Upgrade Issues
1.7.1 AL24UTFFSS Character Set
1.7.2 Upgrading an Oracle Database Installed on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1
1.8 Deprecated Components in Oracle Database 10g Release 2 (10.2)

2 Preinstallation Tasks

2.1 Logging In to the System as root
2.2 Checking the Hardware Requirements
2.3 Checking the Software Requirements
2.4 Checking the Network Setup
2.4.1 Configuring Name Resolution
2.4.2 Installing on DHCP Computers
2.4.3 Installing on Multihomed Computers
2.4.4 Installing on Computers with Multiple Aliases
2.4.5 Installing on Non-Networked Computers
2.5 Creating Required Operating System Groups and Users
2.5.1 Creating the Oracle Inventory Group
2.5.2 Creating the OSDBA Group
2.5.3 Creating an OSOPER Group (Optional)
2.5.4 Creating the Oracle Software Owner User Determining Whether an Oracle Software Owner User Exists Creating an Oracle Software Owner User Modifying an Oracle Software Owner User
2.5.5 Verifying that the User nobody Exists
2.6 Configuring Kernel Parameters
2.7 Identifying Required Software Directories
2.7.1 Oracle Base Directory
2.7.2 Oracle Inventory Directory
2.7.3 Oracle Home Directory
2.8 Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory
2.8.1 Identifying an Existing Oracle Base Directory
2.8.2 Creating an Oracle Base Directory
2.9 Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database and Recovery Files
2.10 Creating Directories for Oracle Database or Recovery Files
2.10.1 Guidelines for Placing Oracle Database Files on a File System
2.10.2 Guidelines for Placing Oracle Recovery Files on a File System
2.10.3 Creating Required Directories
2.11 Preparing Disk Groups for an Automatic Storage Management Installation
2.11.1 General Steps for Configuring Automatic Storage Management
2.11.2 Step 1: Identifying Storage Requirements for Automatic Storage Management
2.11.3 Step 2: Using an Existing Automatic Storage Management Disk Group
2.11.4 Step 3: Creating DAS or SAN Disk Partitions for Automatic Storage Management
2.11.5 Step 4: Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage Management Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage Management Using the Automatic Storage Management Library Driver Configuring Disks for Automatic Storage Management Using Raw Devices
2.12 Configuring Raw Partitions or Raw Logical Volumes
2.12.1 Using Raw Logical Volumes
2.12.2 Identifying the Required Raw Partitions
2.12.3 Creating the Required Raw Partitions on IDE, SCSI, or RAID Devices
2.12.4 Binding the Partitions to Raw Devices
2.12.5 Creating the Oracle Database Configuration Assistant Raw Device Mapping File
2.13 Stopping Existing Oracle Processes
2.14 Configuring the oracle User's Environment

3 Installation Tasks

3.1 Preinstallation Considerations
3.1.1 Performing Multiple Oracle Database Installations in Noninteractive Mode
3.2 Reviewing Component-Specific Installation Guidelines
3.3 Accessing the Installation Software
3.3.1 Downloading Oracle Software from the OTN Web Site Downloading the Installation Archive Files Extracting the Installation Files
3.3.2 Copying the Software to the Hard Disk Mounting Discs Copying the Oracle Database Software to a Hard Disk
3.4 Installing the Oracle Database Software
3.4.1 Reviewing Product-Specific Installation Guidelines
3.4.2 Running Oracle Universal Installer
3.5 Installing Automatic Storage Management
3.5.1 Step 1: Reviewing Automatic Storage Management Installation Considerations
3.5.2 Step 2: Creating the Automatic Storage Management Instance and Disk Groups
3.5.3 Step 3: Installing Oracle Database to Use with Automatic Storage Management
3.5.4 Step 4: Testing the Automatic Storage Management Installation

4 Postinstallation Tasks

4.1 Required Postinstallation Tasks
4.1.1 Downloading and Installing Patches
4.1.2 Configuring Oracle Products
4.2 Recommended Postinstallation Tasks
4.2.1 Creating a Backup of the Script
4.2.2 Configuring New or Upgraded Databases
4.2.3 Setting Up User Accounts
4.2.4 Setting the NLS_LANG Environment Variable
4.2.5 Generating the Client Static Library
4.3 Required Product-Specific Postinstallation Tasks
4.3.1 Configuring Oracle Net Services
4.3.2 Configuring Oracle Label Security
4.3.3 Installing Natively Compiled Java Libraries for Oracle JVM and Oracle interMedia
4.3.4 Installing Oracle Text Supplied Knowledge Bases
4.3.5 Configuring Oracle Messaging Gateway Modifying the listener.ora File for External Procedures Modifying the tnsnames.ora File for External Procedures Setting Up the mgw.ora Initialization File
4.3.6 Configuring Oracle Precompilers Configuring Pro*C/C++
4.3.7 Configuring OCCI
4.3.8 Configuring GCC as the Primary Compiler
4.4 Installing Oracle Database 10g Products from the Companion CD

5 Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.1 Checking the Installed Oracle Database Contents and Directory Location
5.2 Logging In to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control
5.3 Managing Automatic Storage Management
5.3.1 Starting and Stopping Automatic Storage Management
5.3.2 Automatic Storage Management Utilities
5.4 Reviewing Accounts and Passwords
5.5 Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords
5.5.1 Using Database Control to Unlock Accounts and Reset Passwords
5.5.2 Using SQL*Plus to Unlock Accounts and Reset Passwords
5.6 Identifying Databases
5.7 Locating the Server Parameter File
5.8 Reviewing Tablespaces and Data Files, Redo Log Files, and Control Files
5.8.1 Identifying Tablespaces and Data Files
5.8.2 Locating Redo Log Files
5.8.3 Locating Control Files

6 Removing Oracle Software

6.1 Overview
6.2 Identifying All Instances
6.3 Removing an Oracle Database
6.4 Removing an Automatic Storage Management Installation
6.5 Reconfiguring Oracle Cluster Synchronization Services
6.5.1 Identifying Oracle Database 10g Oracle Homes
6.5.2 Reconfiguring the Oracle CSS Daemon
6.5.3 Deleting the Oracle CSS Daemon Configuration
6.6 Removing Oracle Software

A Installing and Configuring Oracle Database Using Response Files

A.1 Introduction
A.1.1 Creating a Database Using Automatic Storage Management as the Storage Option for Database Files
A.1.2 Installation Overview
A.2 Creating the oraInst.loc File
A.3 Preparing a Response File
A.3.1 Editing a Response File Template
A.3.2 Recording a Response File
A.4 Running Oracle Universal Installer in Silent or Suppressed Mode
A.5 Running NetCA in Silent Mode
A.6 Running Database Configuration Assistant in Noninteractive or Silent Mode
A.6.1 Using Database Configuration Assistant in Noninteractive Mode
A.6.2 Using Database Configuration Assistant in Silent Mode
A.6.3 Running Database Configuration Assistant in Noninteractive or Silent Mode

B Using NAS Devices

B.1 General Configuration Guidelines for NAS Devices
B.2 Choosing Mount Points
B.2.1 Choosing Mount Points for Oracle Software Files
B.2.2 Choosing Mount Points for Oracle Database and Recovery Files
B.3 Creating Files on a NAS Device for Use with Automatic Storage Management
B.4 NFS Mount Options

C Optimal Flexible Architecture

C.1 Overview of the Optimal Flexible Architecture Standard
C.1.1 Characteristics of an Optimal Flexible Architecture Compliant Installation
C.2 Changes to the Optimal Flexible Architecture for Oracle Database 10g
C.3 Implementing Optimal Flexible Architecture
C.3.1 File Systems
C.3.1.1 Number of File Systems
C.3.1.2 Naming Conventions
C.3.1.3 Naming Mount Points for Very Large Databases (VLDBs)
C.3.2 Naming Directories
C.3.2.1 Oracle Base Directory Naming Convention
C.3.2.2 Referring to Path Names
C.3.2.3 Oracle Home Directory Naming Convention
C.3.2.4 Naming Subdirectories
C.3.3 Naming Database Files
C.3.4 Separating Segments with Different Requirements
C.3.5 Naming Tablespaces
C.3.6 Exploiting the Optimal Flexible Architecture Structure for Oracle Files
C.3.7 Optimal Flexible Architecture File Mapping
C.4 Improving Reliability and Performance
C.4.1 Disk Mirroring
C.4.2 Disk Striping

D Managing Oracle Database Port Numbers

D.1 About Managing Ports
D.2 Viewing Port Numbers and Access URLs
D.3 Port Numbers and Protocols of Oracle Components
D.4 Changing the Oracle Enterprise Management Agent Port
D.5 Changing the Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control Ports
D.6 Changing the iSQL*Plus Ports
D.7 Changing the Oracle Ultra Search Ports
D.8 Changing the Oracle XDB Ports

E Globalization Support

E.1 About NLS_LANG Environment Variable
E.2 Running Oracle Universal Installer in Different Languages

F Troubleshooting

F.1 Verify Requirements
F.2 X Window Display Errors
F.3 What to Do If an Installation Error Occurs
F.4 Reviewing the Log of an Installation Session
F.5 Troubleshooting Configuration Assistants
F.5.1 Configuration Assistant Failure
F.5.2 Fatal Errors
F.6 Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling
F.7 Cleaning Up After a Failed Installation

G Frequently Asked Questions About Installation

G.1 Installing Oracle Database or Oracle Database Client
G.2 Installing Oracle Database Tools
G.3 Installing Oracle Database with Oracle Applications
G.4 Installing Oracle Database Heterogeneous Connectivity Tools (Gateways)