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Oracle® Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide
10g Release 2 (10.2) for Windows and UNIX

Part Number B16227-01
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List of Figures

List of Tables

Title and Copyright Information


Documentation Accessibility

1 Basic Concepts

1.1 Utilities
1.1.1 Oracle Universal Installer
1.1.2 OPatch
1.2 Actions Performed by the Utilities
1.2.1 Install
1.2.2 De-install
1.2.3 Cloning
1.2.4 Patching
1.2.5 Upgrades and Patchsets
1.2.6 Adding Nodes
1.2.7 Inventory Operations Attaching Oracle Homes Detaching Oracle Homes Updating Node List
1.3 Major Entities
1.3.1 Inventory
1.3.2 Oracle Home
1.4 Modes of Installation
1.4.1 Interactive Mode
1.4.2 Suppressed-Interactive Mode
1.4.3 Silent Mode
1.4.4 Cluster Install Mode

2 Introduction to Oracle Universal Installer

2.1 System Requirements
2.2 Key Features

3 Managing Oracle Homes

3.1 Introduction to Oracle Homes
3.2 Installing the Oracle Product
3.3 Removing Oracle Homes
3.4 Determining the Default Oracle Home
3.5 Multiple Oracle Homes
3.5.1 Target Home
3.6 About the Oracle Universal Installer Inventory
3.6.1 Structure of the Oracle Universal Installer Inventory Central Inventory Pointer File Central Inventory Oracle Home Inventory
3.6.2 Creating the Central Inventory
3.6.3 Detaching Oracle Homes from the Central Inventory Removing the Central Inventory
3.6.4 Upgrading and Patching the Oracle Home
3.6.5 Cloning Oracle Homes
3.6.6 Backing up the Inventory
3.6.7 Recovering from Inventory Corruption Diagnosing and Recovering from Central Inventory Corruption Diagnosing and Recovering from Oracle Home Inventory Corruption
3.6.8 Real Application Clusters Updating the Nodes of a Cluster
3.7 Home Selector (Available on Win32 Platforms)
3.7.1 Home Selector Overview
3.7.2 How Home Selector Works
3.7.3 Oracle Home Directory Structure for Windows Platforms
3.7.4 Optimal Flexible Architecture Directory Structure (on UNIX) ORACLE_BASE Directory ORACLE_HOME Directory

4 Customizing and Creating Response Files

4.1 About Response Files
4.1.1 What Is a Silent Installation?
4.1.2 What Is a Response File?
4.1.3 Why Perform a Silent Installation?
4.2 Modifying a Response File
4.3 Creating a Response File With Record Mode
4.3.1 Using Record Mode
4.4 Response File Format
4.4.1 Variable Values Variable Lookup Order Setting the Recommendation Value
4.4.3 Headers
4.4.4 Response File Parameters
4.5 Installing Using a Response File
4.5.1 Specifying a Response File
4.5.2 Optional Parameters When Specifying a Response File
4.5.3 Setting Response File Variables From the Command Line Specifying the Value of a Session Variable Specifying the Value of a Component Variable

5 Installing Products Using Oracle Universal Installer

5.1 Checking Pre-Requisites Before Installation
5.2 Installing Oracle Products
5.2.1 Getting Help While Installing Oracle Products
5.2.2 About the ORAPARAM.INI File
5.2.3 Modes of Installation
5.2.4 Installation Media Installing from a Single CD-ROM Installing from Multiple CD-ROMs Installing from a staged HTTP location
5.2.5 Special Instructions for UNIX Users Failed to Connect to Server Error Providing a UNIX Installer Location with Root Privileges Providing a UNIX Group Name
5.3 De-installing Oracle Products
5.3.1 Removing Oracle Products and Oracle Homes With Oracle Universal Installer
5.3.2 De-installing Top Level Products that Have Dependents
5.3.3 Silent De-installation Immediately Displaying the Inventory Dialog Box Hiding the Inventory Dialog Box Hiding the De-installation Confirmation and Progress Dialog Boxes
5.4 Running Oracle Universal Installer After Installation
5.4.1 Starting Oracle Universal Installer
5.4.2 Command Line Arguments
5.4.3 Using Oracle Universal Installer Exit Codes
5.4.4 Cloning Considerations
5.5 About Oracle Universal Installer Log Files

6 Cluster Environment Installations

6.1 Oracle Universal Installer and Real Application Clusters
6.1.1 Oracle Clusterware
6.1.2 Installed Real Application Clusters Components
6.2 General System Installation Requirements for Real Application Clusters
6.2.1 Hardware Requirements for Real Application Clusters Setup
6.2.2 Software Requirements for Real Application Clusters Setup
6.3 Cluster Setup and Pre-Installation Configuration Tasks for Real Application Clusters
6.4 Pre-Installation Tasks for Real Application Clusters on UNIX
6.4.1 Logging In to the System as root
6.4.2 Creating Required UNIX Groups and Users Creating Identical Users and Groups on Other Cluster Nodes Configuring SSH on all Cluster Nodes
6.4.3 Configuring the Oracle User Environment
6.4.4 Checking the Hardware Requirements
6.4.5 Checking the Network Requirements Network Hardware Requirements Network Parameter Requirements IP Address Requirements Node Time Requirements
6.4.6 Checking Software Requirements
6.4.7 Configuring Kernel Parameters
6.4.8 Identifying Required Software Directories Oracle Base Directory Oracle Inventory Directory Oracle Clusterware Home Directory Oracle Home Directory
6.4.9 Identifying or Creating an Oracle Base Directory
6.4.10 Creating the Clusterware Home Directory
6.5 Pre-Installation Tasks for Real Application Clusters on Windows
6.5.1 Checking Hardware and Software Certification
6.5.2 Checking the Hardware Requirements Hard Disk Space Requirements
6.5.3 Checking the Software Requirements
6.5.4 Checking the Network Requirements Network Hardware Requirements IP Address Requirements
6.5.5 Checking Individual Component Requirements
6.6 Configuring Storage for Oracle Clusterware
6.7 Installing Oracle Clusterware on UNIX
6.7.1 Running the Oracle Universal Installer to Install Oracle Clusterware
6.7.2 Running the Oracle Universal Installer in Silent Mode to Install Oracle Clusterware
6.7.3 Oracle Clusterware Background Processes
6.8 Installing Oracle Clusterware on Windows
6.8.1 Running the Oracle Universal Installer to Install Oracle Clusterware
6.8.2 Running the Oracle Universal Installer in Silent Mode to Install Oracle Clusterware
6.8.3 Oracle Clusterware Background Processes
6.9 Adding Additional Nodes to the Cluster for Mass Deployment
6.10 Installing Product Software on a Cluster
6.10.1 Cluster Detection
6.10.2 Availability Checking
6.10.3 Cluster Installation
6.10.4 Cluster Installation in Silent Mode
6.10.5 Cluster De-installation
6.11 Command Line Options for Cluster Installs (UNIX Only)
6.12 Patchsets and Upgrades
6.13 Post Installation Tasks
6.13.1 Verification
6.13.2 Back Up Disk after Installation
6.13.3 Download and Install Patches
6.13.4 Configure Oracle Products
6.14 De-installing Real Application Clusters Software
6.14.1 De-installing Oracle Product Software on UNIX
6.14.2 De-installing Oracle Product Software on Windows
6.14.3 De-installing Oracle Clusterware De-installing Oracle Clusterware from UNIX Environment De-installing Oracle Clusterware from Windows Environment
6.15 Converting Single Instance Nodes to Real Application Clusters
6.16 Troubleshooting Real Application Clusters / Oracle Clusterware Installation

7 Oracle Software Cloning Using Oracle Universal Installer

7.1 About Cloning
7.2 Overview of the Cloning Process
7.2.1 Source Preparation Phase
7.2.2 Cloning Phase
7.3 Locating and Viewing Log Files
7.4 Cloning an Oracle Database 10.2 Oracle Home
7.4.1 Preparing the Oracle Database 10.2 Source
7.4.2 Cloning the Oracle Database 10.2 Viewing Log and Error Files
7.5 Cloning Real Application Clusters
7.5.1 Important Considerations when Cloning Real Application Clusters
7.6 Cloning Oracle Clusterware
7.6.1 Important Considerations when Cloning Oracle Clusterware

8 Oracle Software Patching Using OPatch

8.1 About Interim Patches
8.2 Structure of Interim Patches
8.3 Interim Patch Versions
8.4 Getting Interim Patches
8.5 About OPatch
8.6 Requirements for OPatch
8.7 Features of OPatch
8.8 Pre-requisite Checks in OPatch
8.8.1 Check ORACLE_HOME and Environment Variable
8.8.2 Check for JRE and JDK
8.8.3 Check for System Space
8.8.4 Check for Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch Version Compatibility
8.8.5 Check for Patch Applicable on Operating System
8.8.6 Check for System Commands
8.8.7 Additional Pre-requisite Checks for Real Application Clusters Check for User Equivalence Check for OPatch lsinventory
8.9 Backup and Recovery Considerations for Patching
8.10 Operations and Options in OPatch Utility
8.10.1 apply Option
8.10.2 lsinventory Option
8.10.3 query Option
8.10.4 rollback Option
8.10.5 version Option
8.11 Real Application Clusters Patching
8.11.1 Types of Real Application Clusters Patching All Node Patching Rolling Patching Minimum Downtime Patching
8.12 About Patch Conflicts
8.12.1 Types of Conflicts
8.12.2 Patch Conflict Detection and Resolution
8.12.3 Restoring Oracle Homes
8.13 Logging and Tracing
8.13.1 Levels of Logging
8.14 Recovering from a Failed Patching Session Using OPatch
8.14.1 Real Application Clusters Setup
8.15 Environment Variables Used by OPatch
8.16 Troubleshooting OPatch

9 Oracle Internationalization and Translation

9.1 Installation Dialogs Language
9.2 Product Language Selections
9.3 Language Add-on
9.3.1 Changing the Language of an Installation Using Oracle Universal Installer

A Frequently Asked Questions

A.1 Oracle Universal Installer
A.2 OPatch

B Troubleshooting and Debugging Oracle Universal Installer

B.1 Debugging Mechanisms in Oracle Universal Installer
B.2 Oracle Universal Installer Errors
B.3 Other Tips

C Understanding Oracle Universal Installer Commands

C.1 Options Available in Oracle Universal Installer
C.2 Command Line Variables Available in Oracle Universal Installer

D Sample Files

D.1 Sample Response File
D.2 Sample ORAPARAM.INI File
D.3 Sample Components File