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Oracle® Database 2 Day DBA
10g Release 1 (10.1)

Part Number B10742-03
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1 Introduction

About this Book
What this Book is Not
How to Use this Book with Related Material
The Oracle Database
Common Oracle DBA Tasks
Tools for Administering the Database

2 Installing Oracle and Building the Database

Overview of Installation
Checking Prerequisites
Installation Choices
Basic Installation Choices
Advanced Installation Choices
Installing Oracle Software and Database
Using DBCA to Create and Configure a Database
Starting DBCA
Using DBCA to Create a Database
Database Templates
Database Identification
Management Options
Database Credentials
Storage Options
Database File Locations
Recovery Configuration
Database Content
Initialization Parameters
Database Storage
Creation Options
Using DBCA to Delete a Database
Using DBCA to Configure Database Options
Managing Templates with DBCA
Advantages of Using Templates
Types of Templates
DBCA Templates Provided by Oracle
Creating Templates Using DBCA
Deleting DBCA Templates
Upgrading a Database
Overview of the Database Upgrade Assistant
Before the Upgrade
During the Upgrade
Real Application Clusters Support
Support for Silent Mode
Oracle Database Version Restrictions
Starting the Database Upgrade Assistant
Upgrading the Database Using the Database Upgrade Assistant
Installation: Oracle by Example Series

3 Getting Started with Oracle Enterprise Manager

Introduction to the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Database Management Features
Online Help
Navigational Features
Starting the Oracle Enterprise Manager Console
Starting dbconsole in Windows
Accessing the Oracle Enterprise Manager
Granting Database Control Administrative Privileges
Setting Up Enterprise Manager Preferences
Defining Blackout Time Periods
Setting Preferred Credentials
SQL Statements and Other Management Tools: SQL*Plus and iSQL*Plus
Starting SQL*Plus
Starting iSQL*Plus
Managing Your Database: A Roadmap
Getting Started: Oracle by Example Series

4 Configuring the Network Environment

Understanding Network Configuration
Oracle Net Listener Configuration
Client Configuration
Connection Requests
Naming Methods
Local Naming
Directory Naming
Easy Connect Naming
External Naming
Tools for Network Configuration
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
Enterprise Manager
Oracle Net Manager
Viewing Listener Configuration
Starting and Shutting Down the Listener
Configuring Oracle Networking on Client Machines
Networking: Oracle by Example Series

5 Managing the Oracle Instance

Overview of an Instance and Instance Management
Instance Memory Structure
The System Global Area (SGA)
Program Global Area (PGA)
Oracle Background Processes
Accessing the Database
How the Oracle Instance and Database are Started
Server and Client Processes
Network Connections
About Initialization Parameters
Shutting Down and Restarting the Instance and Database
Starting and Shutting Down the Database Instance on Windows
Viewing and Modifying Initialization Parameters
Managing Memory Parameters
Modifying Memory Parameters
Instances: Oracle by Example Series

6 Managing Database Storage Structures

Exploring the Storage Structure of Your Database
Control File
Redo Log Files
Multiplexing the Redo Log
Archive Log Files
Rollback Segments
Tablespaces Page
Some Tablespaces in the Database
Temporary Tablespace Groups
Other Storage Structures
Initialization Parameter File
Password File
Backup Files
Common DBA Tasks for Managing Database Storage
Viewing Tablespaces in Your Database
Creating a Tablespace
Modifying a Tablespace
Dropping a Tablespace
Reclaiming Wasted Space
Using the Segment Advisor
Shrinking Database Objects
Managing Undo for Your Database
About Undo
Undo Tablespace Size and Retention Time
Automatic Undo Management
Undo Management with Enterprise Manager
Using Oracle Recommendations for Managing Undo
Extending the Undo Tablespace
Using the Undo Advisor
Setting New Threshold Undo Retention Time
Making Changes to the Database Storage Structure
Storage: Oracle by Example Series

7 Administering Users and Security

Overview of Users and Security
Database Administrative Accounts
Administrative Privileges
Administering Roles
Viewing Roles
Creating a New Role
Modifying Roles
Dropping Roles
Administering Profiles
Administering Database Users
Creating Users
Using a Shortcut to Create Users
Editing Users
Unlocking Accounts and Resetting Passwords
Granting Roles
Revoking Roles
Dropping Users
Users: Oracle by Example Series

8 Managing Schema Objects

Overview of Schemas and Common Schema Objects
Exploring Your Database's Schema Objects
Managing Database Objects
Managing Tables
Viewing Tables
Viewing Table Data
Creating Tables
Types of Table
Column Attributes
Table Level Constraints
Storage Attributes
Other Table Creation Considerations
Estimating the Size of New Tables
Table Creation Example
Modifying Table Attributes
Adding a Column
Dropping a Column
Creating a New Table Constraint
Modifying an Existing Constraint
Dropping a Constraint
Dropping a Table
Managing Indexes
Viewing Indexes
Creating a New Index
Index Types
Index Creation Example
Dropping Indexes
Managing Views
View Creation Example
Managing Database Resident Program Units
Managing Packages
Managing Package Bodies
Managing Standalone Subprograms
Managing Triggers
Other Schema Objects
Loading Data Into Tables
Managing Access to Schema Objects
Some Schemas of Interest
SYS Schema
Sample Schemas
Schemas: Oracle by Example Series

9 Performing Backup and Recovery

Overview of Oracle Backup and Recovery
Oracle Backup, Restore and Recovery Concepts
Consistent and Inconsistent Backups
Media Recovery
The RMAN Repository
The Flash Recovery Area
Configuring Your Database for Basic Backup and Recovery
Planning Space Usage and Location for the Flash Recovery Area
Retention Policy and the Flash Recovery Area
Sizing the Flash Recovery Area
Credentials for Performing Oracle Enterprise Manager Backup and Recovery
Configuring the Flash Recovery Area and ARCHIVELOG Mode
Configuring Backup Settings
Understanding Backup Device Settings for Disk
Configuring Backup Policy Settings
Recording Your DBID and DB_UNIQUE_NAME
Backing Up Your Database
Database Backup Concepts
Full Backups of Datafiles
Incremental Backups of Datafiles
Incrementally Updated Backups: Rolling Forward Image Copies of Datafiles
Tagging Backups
Performing and Scheduling Backups with Enterprise Manager
Performing a Whole Database Backup with Oracle Enterprise Manager
Using the Oracle-Suggested Backup Strategy
Scheduling Other Backup Tasks
Validating Backups
Restore and Recovery Operations
Recovering a Whole Database from Backup
Recovering from a Lost SPFILE or Control File
Returning a Table to a Past State: Flashback Table
Enabling Row Movement on a Table
Performing Flashback Table
Recovering Dropped Tables: Flashback Drop
Managing Your Backups
Using the Manage Current Backups Page in Enterprise Manager
Crosschecking Backups
Deleting Expired Backups
Deleting Obsolete Backups
Marking Backups Unavailable
Cataloging Additional Backups
Backup and Recovery: Oracle by Example Series

10 Monitoring and Tuning the Database

Proactive Database Monitoring
Performance Self-Diagnostics: Automatic Database Diagnostics Monitor
Monitoring General Database State and Workload
Managing Alerts
Viewing Metrics and Thresholds
Setting Metric Thresholds
Setting up Notification
Responding to Alerts
Clearing Alerts
Diagnosing Performance Problems
Viewing Performance Analysis
Responding to Performance Findings
Modifying Default ADDM Behavior
Running ADDM Manually
Using Advisors to Optimize Database Performance
About Performance Advisors
Using the SQL Tuning Advisor
Using the SQL Access Advisor
Using the Memory Advisor
Monitoring and Tuning: Oracle by Example Series